The World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA) defines «protected area» as: a clearly defined geographical space, recognized, dedicated and managed, through legal or other similarly effective means, to achieve the conservation of nature with its associated ecosystem services and cultural values.

Protected Natural areas (PNAs) in Mexico are under the administration of the National Commission of Protected Natural Areas (CONANP in Spanish), which are divided into federal, state, municipal, community and private.

At a federal level, there are 182 NPAs covering 90 million 838 thousand 11 hectares:

  • Biosphere Reserve with 44
  • Natural Parks with 67
  • Natural Monuments with 5
  • Natural Resource Protection Areas with 8
  • Fauna and Flora Protection Areas with 40
  • Sanctuaries with 18

Of these, 21 million 379 thousand 398 hectares belong to land areas, which represents 10.88% of the total national land surface.

Likewise, 69 million 458 thousand 613 hectares are marine surface and represent 22.05% of the marine surface of the national territory.

PNAs at a federal level in Puebla

Currently, Puebla has seven natural protected areas that border the state and neighboring states.

1. Río Blanco Canyon

It was declared a National Park on March 22, 1938.

It is located between the states of Veracruz and Puebla and covers an area of 48,799.78 hectares.

The most abundant vegetation are oaks, conifers, ferns and wild plants. There are two microendemic species: carnation (arenaria bryoides) and crucifer (draba nivicola).

It is located approximately two hours from Puebla city.

2.Iztaccihuatl-Popocatepetl

It was declared National Park on November 8, 1935.

It is located between the states of Puebla, Morelos and the State of Mexico, covering an area of 39,819.09 hectares.

It has a variety of vegetation, with representative species such as Christmas pine (pinus ayacahuite), cedar (juniperus monticola), zacatón (calamagrosis toluncensis), among others.

In the fauna, you can find a variety of animals such as the Castilian or Serrano rabbit, badger, shrew, red-tailed hawk, rattlesnake, and salamander, among others.

It is located approximately two hours and 10 minutes from Puebla city.

3.La Malinche or Matlalcuéyatl

It was declared National Park on October 6, 1938.

It is located between the states of Tlaxcala and Puebla, and covers 46,112.24 hectares.

Its endemic species include the beryl hummingbird, Mexican hummingbird, Mexican mule bat, quail, and water snake, among others.

It is located approximately one hour and 40 minutes from Puebla city.

4.Pico de Orizaba

Declared National Park on January 4, 1937.

It is located between the states of Puebla and Veracruz, covering an area of 19,750.01 hectares.

Its representative species are: in the flora, the highland pine (pinus hartwegii) and in the fauna, the lynx (lynx rufus).

It is located approximately one hour and 47 minutes from Puebla city.

5.Sierra de Huautla

It was declared a Biosphere Reserve on September 8, 1999.

It is located between the states of Morelos, Puebla and Guerrero, covering an area of 59,30.94 hectares.

Within the flora, the representative species are the Tepehuaje (lysiloma acapulcense), Borreguilla (acacia cochliantha), hawthorn (mimosa polyantha), mesquite (prospis laevigata), among others.

And of fauna, you can find the scorpion, green macaw, balsas tecolote, puma, ocelot, chachalaca, among others.

It is located approximately one hour and 50 minutes from Puebla city.

6.Tehuacán-Cuicatlán

It was declared a Biosphere Reserve on September 18, 1998.

It is located between the states of Puebla and Oaxaca, covering an area of 490,186.88 hectares.

Within the flora of representative species, you can find orchid (encyclia), nopal (opintia), mimosa (viguiera), fern (selaginella), among others.

And in the fauna, the species that can be found are: puma, white-tailed deer, skunk, coyote, coati, river otter, among others.

It is located approximately two hours from Puebla city.

7.Necaxa River Hydrographic Basin

Declared as a Natural Resources Protection Area on October 20, 1938.

It is located between the states of Puebla and Hidalgo, covering 42,129.35 hectares.

Within its representative fauna, you can find the jaguar, cacomixtle, tucaneta, rattlesnake, among others.

It is located approximately two hours and 45 minutes from Puebla city.

Protected Natural Areas in Puebla

Within the state area, 22 states have decrees of protected areas and are under the administration of secretariats or environmental institutes of each government.

The NPAs of the state of Puebla are regulated by the Regulations of the Law of Biosafety of Genetically Modified Organisms and are as follows:

1. Zapotecas Hill

It was published in the Official Newspaper of the State of Puebla on November 26, 2008.

It is a state park located in the municipality of San Pedro Cholula.

2.Valsequillo Wetland

It was published in the Official Newspaper of the State of Puebla on April 11, 2012.

It is a state park, located in the municipality of Puebla.

3.Sierra del Tentzo

It was published in the Official Newspaper of the State of Puebla on April 29, 2011.

Declared a State Reserve, located in the municipalities of Atlixco, Ayoyatempan, Huaquechula, Huatlatlauca, Huehuetlán El Grande, Molcaxac, Ocoyucan, Puebla, San Juan Atzompa, Teopantlán, Tepeojuma, and Tzicatlacoyan.

Read it in spanish here.

 

 


POB/LFJ