The murals rise one after another as you walk through its streets; but Xanenetla was not always known for the paintings that for some years now have adorned the walls of houses and buildings.
This ancient Puebla neighborhood was once distinguished for being the home of the city's brickmakers and potters.
The inhabitants were indigenous people who worked for the Spanish colonizers of New Spain.
Xanenetla received its name because the place (between the banks of the San Francisco River and the hills of Loreto and Guadalupe), was full of a light sand called Xalnenetl.
This material was combined with "the good mud of the area" for the production of bricks. The settlement was called "Las Praderas de Xalnene" in 1751 and it was not until later that its name changed to Xanenetla.
Xanenetla was one of the most recent settlements to be incorporated into the urban complex and was the last to be created.
Recommended: The Franciscan murals in the San Gabriel Convent
This neighborhood is one of those that best preserves its "peculiar labyrinthine layout".
The Xanenetla neighborhood had its part in the battle of May 5th, 1862, since the inhabitants tell that some French soldiers, fleeing from the battle, got lost in the alleys of the neighborhood, where they were finally captured.
In 1970, the piping of the San Francisco River to build the 5 de Mayo Boulevard, isolated the Xanenetla neighborhood and condemned it to the gradual oblivion of the people of Puebla.
Until a few years ago, it was common to find vacant lots, houses in ruins and abandoned buildings.
But in 2009, the "Puebla Ciudad Mural" Project was launched, a plan of collective murals that promoted the inclusion of the locals.
In April 2012, the third stage of the project, which included 55 murals, was inaugurated.
There are 27 places of interest on the site, including the Templo de santa Inés del Monte Policiano; the Ladrillera de la Granja; the Arco de san José y Loreto; the Plazuela Santa Inés; La Rinconada; the "Sal si puedes" Alley; the Sitio del antiguo puente de Xanenetla and Calle de los canteros.
Read the Spanish version of this article here.