Most of the people think about organ donation, but until they pass away. However, isn't necessary, because there are many organs that can be donated alive, but most people don't do this because it's unknown.
According with the Healthcare Secretary, organs and body tissues can be donated alive, there can be: lung fragments, bone marrow, bones, stem cells, placenta, kidney, liver fragment, intestine, pancreas, and blood.
The requirements to be donor are: have 18 or more years, give consent before a Notary Public, be compatible with the recipient and have a good health.
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There are many myths around organ donation after death, but also alive, because not everyone knows about it.
Myths and facts
The National Transplant Center (CENATRA) aims that people can be well informed, here are six myths and facts of alive organ donation:
- Myth: "I need to have a perfect health to donate".
Fact: As long as the organ is healthy, there are just a few diseases that can delay the donation. But to be donor is necessary to make physical, and mental analysis, and being compatible with the receptor.
- Myth: "It is too expensive"
Fact: Donating is an altruist action, it synonym of "gifting". But, if someone needs to pay for it, will be the receptor, who pays the cost (in public or private sector).
- Myth: "I cannot do it because it's against my beliefs. Religion is against body modification"
Fact: Many religions, as Christian, Catholic, Jews, Buddhist, Muslims, etc. allow it, because it shows charity and love, becoming an individual and personal decision.
- Myth: "Organs and body tissues alive donation can be dangerous, for both".
Fact: Performing a major surgery as transplants requires, can be dangerous, however, if it's performed by an expert, there won't be any complications.
- Myth: "Organ donation alive can be dangerous and it could affect my health".
Fact: The transplants centers have a follow- up of each donor, so, even if a problem arises, it can be after many years, and the experts can sort it out.
These kind of organs are fragments or tissues, because of this, there is no problem to donate them.
- Myth: "I can only donate to my relatives".
Fact: To donate organs or body tissues isn't necessary to be relatives, but being compatible is essential.
Translated by: Luba Michelle García Vega