In Puebla City, there are 89,076 people living in extreme poverty, which places it as the eighth worse nationwide. Also, between 2015 and 2020 extreme poverty increased by at least five points.
According to the 2020 Municipal Poverty Index, produced by the National Council for the Evaluation of Social Development Policy (CONEVAL), the Mixteca zone is part of where most of the country's poverty is concentrated.
In a similar way, the state of Puebla is one of the entities with the largest number of cities or municipalities where more than 80% of their population lives in poverty .
As the capital of Puebla state, ranked eighth at the national level, the cities that concentrate the most people living in extreme poverty are:
- Acapulco, Guerrero: 16,672
- Leon, Guanajuato: 115,943
- Iztapalapa, CDMX: 115,470
- Toluca, State of Mexico: 106,930
- Ocosingo, Chiapas: 104,803
- Ecatepec de Morelos, State of Mexico: 96,625
- Chimalhuacán, State of Mexico: 93,595
Outside of the metropolitan area, those with the greatest extreme poverty in Puebla state are:
- Zoquitlán: 9,603
- Vicente Guerrero: 11,268
- Eloxochitlán: 8,688
- Coyomeapan: 7,115
- San Sebastián Tlacotepec: 6,889
- Huitzilan de Serdán: 6,889
- Chiconcuautla: 6,812
- Olintla: 5,533
- Tapango de Rodríguez: 2,081
- Teopantlán: 1,635
The CONEVAL report defines that an inidivual in Mexico is considered in a situation of poverty when they have at least one social deprivation in one of the six following indicators: educational slowdown, access to health services, access to social security, housing quality, basic housing services, and access to food; also, if their income is insufficient to purchase the goods and services that they require to satisfy their food and non-food needs.
While extreme poverty refers to people who live with three or more deficiencies out of the six previously mentioned, and are below the minimum welfare line, which implies that their income is so low that even if they’d dedicate it entirely to the acquisition of food, they could not acquire the necessary nutrients to have a healthy life.